Test Bank

October 11th, 2010

Test Bank for test 1
Introduction Site identifies a place by its
A location relative to other objects
B mathematical location on the earth’s surface
C nominal location
D unique physical characteristics
E none of the above

2. The arrangement of phenomenon across the Earth’s surface is
A regional analysis
B spatial analysis
C spatial association
D spatial distribution

3. The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
A concentration
B distribution
C pattern
D density
E none of the above

4. Which is a form of expansion diffusion?
A contagious
B hierarchical
C relocation
D stimulational
E A and B

5. A McDonald’s in India that serves a McCurry Pan Burger is an example of what type of diffusion
A contagious
B hierarchical
C relocation
D stimulus
E none of the above

7. The concept that the physical environment determines human activities is
A climate
B environmental determinism
C possibilism
D spatial association
E none of the above

8. Map projections attempt to correct for errors in
A transferability
B area, distance, scale and proportion
C area, distance, shape and direction
D distance, proximity and topology
E distance, shape and lines of latitude and longitude

10. All of the following are very good examples of a Functional region except
A newspaper circulations
B broadcast television affiliates
C marketable areas for shops
D Internet site usage
E Drivable areas

11. States marked by a blue or red color would be a good way to use a
A vernacular region
B functional region
C nodal region
D formal region
E none of the above

13. Topography may be used to determine which of the following characteristics of place
A site features
B absolute location
C relative location
D situation
E none of the above Maps

14. The daily rag provides news to all the cities in the region and wants to build a new distribution center. If the Daily Rag distributes its paper according to city size, which city is the best located for minimizing distribution costs
A p
B q
C s
D x
E y

15. Students in City Y have come up with a new flavor of ice cream. If their innovation spreads hierarchically, which city’s residents will be the last to try new flavor.
A p
B r
C u
D w
E z

16. All of the following are effects of globalization except
A the growth of the importance of distance decay
B time-space compression
C uneven development
D interdependence
E none of the above

17. A small scale map most likely shows
A al large area
B a small area
C more generalization
D less generalization
E both d and b

18. If someone said that people living in the desert did not have as many opportunities because of a lack of resources, this would be an example of what geographic approach
A cultural ecology
B environmental determinism
C Environmental possibilism
D spatial association
E none of the above Charts

21. In the years before globalization (pre1990), the world had
A Less specialization at the local level
B More specialization at the local level
C No specialization
D Equal development distribution
E None of the above

22. Geography’s most important and basic tool for thinking spatially about the distribution of features across the earth is
A GPAB GISC a map
D remote sensing

23. Which is true?
A large scale maps have a large fraction and tend to show a larger area in less detail because they have fewer miles represented per square inch on a map.
B small scale maps have a smaller fraction and represent a more area in less detail because they have more miles per square inch on a map represented
C large scale maps have a small fraction and show a larger area in more detail
D small scale maps have a larger fraction and in general show a smaller area in more detail because they represent fewer miles per square inch than large scale maps
E None of the above

24. Country X has a crude birth rate of 10 and a crude death rate of 11. In what stage of the demographic transition is it?
A Stage 1
B Stage 2
C Stage 3
D Stage 4
E None

26. Country X has a CBR of 10 and a CDR of 15 while Country Y had a CBR of 20 and a CDR of 9. Which country has a higher natural increase rate?
A Country X
B Country Y
C Both are Equal
D Cannot be computed based off of the data

27. Neo-Malthusians believe that the Malthus thesis is
A more frightening than before because there are more stage two countries now
B. the transferability of medical technology has caused more of a problem
C. The gap between people and resources is even wider in many countries than in Malthus’ time
D. That food resources are only part of the issue
E all of the above.

28. Thomas Malthus concluded that
A population increased geometrically while population increased arithmetically
B the world’s rate of population increase was higher than food production
C moral restraint and higher wages could produce lower NIRs
D population growth was inevitably going to end in war or famine every time
E All of the above

29. One important feature of the world’s population that is most likely going to have the most important future implications
A It is increasing at a slower pace
B there are more people alive today than ever before
C the most rapid growth is in the less developed countries
D people are uniformly distributed across the globe
E many countries now have negative population growth increase rates

30. Refugees primarily migrate because of which push factor?
A Economic
B Political
C Environmental
D None had precedent over the others
E None of the Above

31. Geographers define under population as
A too few people in the world
B too few people in a region
C too few people to best use the resources
D all of the above
E None of the above

32. Physiological density is the number of
A acres of farmland
B farmers per area of farmland
C number of people to arable land
D number of people to each unit of land
E arithmetic density of an area

33. The process through which skilled and educated classes leave to other more developed countries
A net migration
B immigration
C brain drain
D Inteliousis
E None of the Above

36. If physiological density is about twice of the agricultural density then
A You have a country that must be having a famine
B there is only one other person for every farmer
C the country is most likely not a more developed country
D you have twice the number of farmers over the overall population
E both B and C

37 Migration to Europe from African and Middle Eastern countries in the 1990s was due in part to the fact that these areas were (Africa and the Middle East)
A had higher natural increase rates
B were in stage 2 or 3 of the migration transition
C had drops in their CDR’s
D Europe had more resources and opportunities for employment
E all of the above

38. The difference between stage three and four of the demographic transition occurs when
A the birth and death rates decline
B the death rate rises
C the birth rate declines
D the death rate declines
E None of the above

39. Quality government education for all has the same effect as economic development in that
A it increases the wealth of a country
B it increases the countries Gross Domestic Product
C it lowers the total fertility rate
D it increases the likelihood of women’s rights along with lowering fertility rates
E Both C and D

40. The highest natural increase rates are found in less developed countries in this area of the world
A Asia
B Africa
C Latin America
D Europe E America

41. The principal reason France had a decrease in its natural increase rate throughout the 1990s was because of
A the country’s growth and development
B the declining CDRC the in increasing CBRD the increasing CDR
E both A and D

42. Mr. Lewis frequently
A puts his cats in a stroller and takes them for a walk in the park
B knocks the books out of freshman girls’ arms
C knocks on Foley’s door and then runs
D All of the above

45. Migration is
A the number of immigrants minus the number of people who attempted to migrate
B the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants
C is the number of people plus the number immigrants minus deaths and emigrants
D None of the Above

46. The epidemiological transition refers to how
A in stage one famines and plagues are the main cause of death
B in stage two no pandemics occur
C in stage three there is an increase in diseases such as heart attacks and cancers
D in stage four cancers and heart attacks get pushed back to even older ages of people
E both C and D

47. According to the migration transition
A stage one countries have people that migrate to stage four countries
B stage two countries have people that migrate to stage four countries
C stage four countries have low birth rates and people emigrate to them especially if 4′s wish to keep their population stable or to get it to increase.
D people from stage two countries will not go to countries in stage three
E both B and C

50. Transhumance includes
A commuting
B daily activities
C College students who move from home
D Military leaves
E Seasonal, traveling nomads

2. Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15. In what stage of the demographic transition is it?
A Stage 1
B Stage 2
C Stage 3
D Stage 4
E None

3. A permanent move to a new location is
A Migration
B Mobility
C Net Migration
D Voluntary Migration
E Forced Migration

4. Country X has a CBR of 40 and a CDR of 15 while Country Y had a CBR of 20 and a CDR of 9.Which country has a higher natural increase rate?
A Country X
B Country Y
C Both are Equal
D Cannot be computed based off of the data

5. The shape of a country’s pyramid is determined primarily by its
A Sex Ratio
B Dependency Ratio
C Crude Death Rate
D Crude Birth Rate

6. A country has net immigration if emigration _______immigration
A Equals
B Exceeds
C is closer to net migration than
D is less than

12. Millions of West Africans migrated to Nigeria during the 1970s when the country’s economy expanded and then left when it collapsed in the 1980s. This is an example of
A A push factor becoming a pull factor
B emigration changing to immigration
C forced migration to voluntary
D a pull factor changing to push
E Refugees being forced in and out of countries

13. Agricultural density is the number of
A acres of farmland
B farmers per area of farmland
C number of people to arable land
D number of people to each unit of land
E arithmetic density of an area

14. Forced consolidation of farms forced
A a decline of food supplies on a global scale
B made cities less likely to find the labor pools they needed
C increased death rates everywhere it occurred
D made Europeans emigrate from their farms

15. In the early 1900s, most migrants to the United States came from
A Asia
B Africa
C Western Europe
D Latin America
E Eastern Europe

18. A country with a large amount of land and a small number of people will have a
A high physiological density
B low physiological density
C high agricultural density
D low agricultural density
E Both B and D

19. The U.S. center of population has moved continually
A east
B north
C south
D west

22. Large scale migration occurred in Southeast Asia after 1975 primarily because of
A boat people
B communist victory
C failure of the monsoon rains
D separation of religious groups

23. Migration increased to the United States from Latin American and Asian countries in the 1980sand from Europe in the late 1800s to early 1900s in part because all were
A had higher natural increase rates
B were in stage 2 or 3 of the migration transition
C had drops in their CDR’s
D the U.S. had more resources and opportunities for employment
E all of the above

24. The difference between stage one and two of the demographic transition occurs when
A the birth and death rates decline
B the death rate rises
C the birth rate declines
D the death rate declines
E both A and C

25 Quality government education for all has the same effect as economic development in that
A it increases the wealth of a country
B it increases the countries Gross Domestic Product
C it lowers the total fertility rate
D it increases the likelihood of women’s rights along with lowering fertility rates
E Both C and D

26. The difference between stage two and stage three of the demographic transition is that
A in stage three the birth rate stabilizes
B in stage three the death rate still goes down but begins to stabilize
C in stage three the death rate rises
D in stage three the birth rate declines
E both E and B

27. The highest natural increase rates are found in less developed countries in which stage of the demographic transition
A one
B two
C three
D four

28. The principal reason Rwanda had a decrease in its natural increase rate in the mid 1990s was because of
A the country’s growth and development
B the declining CDR
C the increasing CBR
D the increasing CDR
E both A and D

30. Mr. Lewis frequently
A puts his cats in a stroller and takes them for a walk in the park
B knocks the books out of freshman girls’ arms
C knocks on Foley’s door and then runs
D All of the above

33. In reality, food production
A has outpaced population natural increase rates
B has not quite kept pace with population which explains why famines occur
C is adequate. Fewer people have been born now than in the 1980s because of a decreasing NIR meaning more food for all
D Both C and A

34. Net migration is
A the number of immigrants minus the number of people who attempted to migrate
B the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants
C is the number of people plus the number immigrants minus deaths and emigrants
D None of the Above

35. The ability to move from one location to another is
A migration
B mobility
C net migration
D voluntary migration
E forced migration

36. The epidemiological transition refers to how
A in stage one famines and plagues are the main cause of death
B in stage two pandemics recede
C in stage three and four an increase in diseases such as heart attacks and cancers
D all of the above
E none of the above

37. According to the migration transition
A stage one countries have people that migrate to stage four countries
B stage two countries have people that migrate to stage four countries
C stage four countries have low birth rates and people emigrate to them especially if 4′s wish to keep their population stable or to get it to increase.
D people from stage two countries will not go to countries in stage three
E both B and C

38. The following is true
A Asian and African countries are in stage three of the demographic transition
B Africa is the predominant area for stage two countries
C Latin America and Asian countries are in stage three and have high NIRs so lots of people from those countries head to America
D America is a stage four country but immigrants help to keep the population stable or rising because they have more kids than second or third generation Americans
E BCD are all true and A is absolutely false

39. (T/F) Many countries of the world have a death rate of around 40

40. Crude in CBR and CDR means
A an estimate that can only be crudely guessed because even developed countries cannot keep total track of births or deaths
B the total number of people even if they are immigrants or emigrated
C the number of births or deaths per 1000 people of any age or sex
D the number of births or deaths
E None of the above

No Essay for us this year
10 Points (easy grading on this part)
In absolutely no more than one paragraph of around ten sentences explain Malthus’s theory
A how it relates to population versus food production
B one way he believed it was solved
C how his theory on food and population production has held up in recent history

What country has the largest Muslim population? Indonesia
One in six Africans comes from this country- Nigeria
Rwanda suffered genocide in part because of this issue- Overpopulation
What is TFR # of kids a woman has in her life?
Roughly what was the TFR of a woman in Rwanda around the time of the genocide? 8
Many of the Migrants to France are this? Muslim
Europe and the Middle East have this program for immigrants and W. Bush wants this for America- Guest Workers
What did France ban in its public schools? Headscarves – religious symbols
What country is an extremely homogeneous country that does not allow for immigration despite an aging population? Japan
How does education relate to economic growth in terms of TFR? Lowers it
What is the Infant mortality rate # of kids that die by age 1?
What is a J curve and how does it relate to population growth?
What would you expect to see in America’s population pyramid in the 1960s bulge from baby boom?
How would you expect Maine’s population pyramid to look? Rectangular with a small bottom
LDC countries would have a bulge in what segment of the population base
55% of India’s population is what? young – under age

26 Why would Japan have a high CDR? Aging population

1. It is estimated that _____ of the world’s population is seriously malnourished.
a) 1/20th
b) 1/10th
c) 1/6th
d) ½

2. Most of the one billion malnourished people in the world:
a) have little power
b) have little money
c) are women or children
d) all of the above

9. By the time the last great cholera pandemic began in 1865, people knew to take
precautions against _____ and ended the great waves of cholera.
a) traveling in groups
b) contaminated water
c) eating canned food
d) improper disposal of garbage

17. The coordinates of absolute location are useful mainly in determining exact:
a) distance
b) directions
c) distance and directions
d) elevations

18. The physical location of a place using the Earth latitude-longitude grid is properly
called the:
a) relative location
b) absolute location
c) referenced location
d) grid plan

19. The location of a place in relationship to other places or features around it is called:
a) absolute location
b) site
c) relative location
d) index of placeness

24. A good example of a formal region would be a:
a) region surrounding a manufacturing complex
b) city and its surrounding region
c) region of similar language
d) region showing the migration to a central location

29. Cultural geographers identify a single element of normal practice (e.g. cattle herding)
as:
a) a culture trait
b) a cultural peculiarity
c) a culture region
d) a cultural heritage

31. The spread of ideas, cultural traits, knowledge and skills from their place of origin to
other area where they are adopted is called:
a) diffusion
b) adjustment
c) spreading
d) cultural invasion

33. The greater the distance form the hearth the less likely an innovation will be adopted.
This is referred to as:
a) inverse innovation rule
b) adoption avoidance
c) distance decay
d) cultural repulsion

35. The diffusion of the idea of the hamburger to India but with a vegetable patty instead
of the religiously prohibited beef is an example of:
a) cultural mimicry
b) cultural barrier
c) stimulus diffusion
d) independent invention

1. Replacement rate, the number of births needed to keep a population at a stable level without immigration, requires a total fertility of
a) 10.
b) 2.1.
c) 3.5.
d) 5.

2. The number of European countries at or above replacement level is:
a) 20.
b) 10.
c) 5.
d) 0.

4. Not all countries with aging populations resort to immigration to offset economic problems. An example is:
a) Germany.
b) Japan.
c) the United States.
d) Norway.

6. The problem with using arithmetic population density to investigate the population pattern of a country is that such a density figure does not take into consideration
a) annual population increases.
b) internal clustering of people within the country.
c) annexation of new territory.
d) possible loss of territory.

8. The number of people per unit area of agriculturally productive land is the
a) average density.
b) total density.
c) physiologic density.
d) agricultural density.

10. The world’s three largest population concentrations are all found on the same landmass, which is:
a) North America.
b) South America.
c) Asia.
d) Eurasia.

13. In India the greatest concentration of population is found on the
a) plain of the Ganges River.
b) central Deccan Plateau.
c) west coast.
d) foothills of the Himalayan Mountains.

16. The European population axis is directly related to the
a) orientation of Europe’s coalfields.
b) orientation to Europe’s rivers.
c) early location of Roman settlement.
d) effect of two world wars.

17. In comparison to Asia, the percentage of the population living in urban places in Germany and the United Kingdom is
a) less than in Asia.
b) about the same as in Asia.
c) greater than Asia.
d) declining.

19. The major focus of North America’s population is
a) Chicago.
b) California.
c) the Megalopolis region.
d) the South.

20. In 1789, a British economist named Thomas Malthus published an essay in which he claimed that while population increased at what he called a geometric rate, the means of subsistence grew only at
a) an arithmetic (linear) rate.
b) a rate depending on the particular culture involved.
c) a declining rate.
d) an unpredictable rate.

22. Births and _______ add to the population growth of a particular country.
a) rise in the death rate
b) emigration
c) immigration
d) increased agricultural output

23. Today, world population doubling time is
a) 300 years
b) increasing (i.e. taking longer to double)
c) decreasing
d) ten years

24. At the present rate of births and deaths in the world, we are adding about _____ million inhabitants every year.
a) 50
b) 10
c) 80
d) 250

25. In 2002, the world population grew at a rate of just over ___ percent.
a) 5.0
b) 0.5
c) 1.4
d) 2.7

27. Most of the countries with low population growth rates are also among the wealthiest. An exception to this would be
a) France.
b) Spain.
c) Italy.
d) Russia.

28. In the 1970’s, the government of India used this method to reduce the population growth rates in certain areas of the country.
a) tax incentives
b) forced sterilization of males
c) free housing for small families
d) cash awards

29. The statistics that report the number of deaths per thousand people in a given year is called:
a) the adjusted mortality rate.
b) the crude death or mortality rate.
c) the adjusted population level.
d) the actual growth rate.

30. Demographically, Great Britain experienced a ___________________ in the period from the late 1800s through WWII.
a) population decline
b) rising death rate
c) population explosion
d) rapid birth rate decline

32. Before 1750 death rates in Europe probably averaged 35 per 1000, but by 1850 the death rate was about 16 per 1000. This meant that in 1750 the doubling time was on the order of 150 years but by 1850 it was only ______ years.
a) 50
b) 75
c) 35
d) 20

33. The population of a country, city or other region is a function of three variables. Which is not one of the variables?
a) births
b) deaths
c) migration
d) ethnic background

35. A population pyramid with a wide base and narrow top is indicative of
a) developed countries.
b) countries in Stage IV of the demographic transition.
c) developing countries.
d) low infant mortality.

36. A developed country that has reached a stage where the population is most stable will develop a population pyramid that is __________.
a) bell shaped
b) pear shaped
c) rectangular shaped
d) cone shaped

37. Highest rates of infant mortality are found in this region.
a) South America
b) Central Africa
c) East Asia
d) Eastern Europe

1. Cuban illegal immigrants who actually make it to the United States’ shores will be
a) arrested and deported.
b) allowed to stay.
c) sent to Puerto Rico.
d) put back on their boats and sent back to sea.

2. Today, an estimated ___________ illegal immigrants live in the United States.
a) 100,000
b) 1,000,000
c) 10,000,000
d. 75,000,000

3. What percentage of Haiti’s GNP comes from remittances sent by Haitians living in the United States?
a) 1
b) 3.6
c) 10
d) 15

4. The vast majority of legal agricultural workers in Canada are
a) Canadian.
b) unemployed Americans.
c) Mexicans.
d) European student guest workers.

5. The type of movement that involves journeys that begin at and brings us back to our home base is called
a) periodic.
b) immigration.
c) migratory.
d) cyclic.

7. Most nomadic movement takes place according to travel patterns that are
a) repeated time and time again.
b) very irregular.
c) limited to desert regions .
d) periodic in nature.

9. All of the following are examples of periodic movements except
a) going to college.
b) transhumance.
c) commuting to work.
d) migrant workers.

12. The long-term relocation of an individual, household, or group to a new location outside the community of origin is called
a) resettlement.
b) emigration.
c) migration.
d) transmovement.

13. During the first decades of the twentieth century, African American families in the United States migrated primarily to
a) the north.
b) the west.
c) the northwest.
d) other southern states farther west.

14. In the United States during the late twentieth century, internal migration streams were moving people from
a) west to east and south to north.
b) west to east and north to south.
c) east to west and south to north.
d) east to west and north to south.

16. Internal migration in Peru is fairly simple with the majority of migrants moving to
a) Iquitos on the Amazon.
b) Ecuador.
c) Lima.
d) new farmland in rural areas.

17. Irish migration to North America in the mid-1800s is an example of
a) forced migration.
b) migration which reflects both forced and voluntary aspects of migration.
c) voluntary migration.
d) cyclical migration.

18. Gender studies of migration indicate that men ______________ than women.
a) are more mobile
b) migrate farther
c) have more employment choices and income
d) all of the above

19. The smallest number of slaves involved in the Atlantic slave trade was sent to
a) British Caribbean.
b) Brazil.
c) French Caribbean.
d) British North America.

21. One of the “laws” of migration as derived by Ravenstein states that
a) urban residents are more migratory than rural.
b) rural residents are more migratory than urban.
c) urban residents are less migratory than rural.
d) rural inhabitants hardly ever migrate.

22. Ravenstein, in his study of migration, suggested that there is an inverse relationship between the volume of migration and the distance between the source and destination. That is, the number of migrants _____ as the distance they know they must travel increases.
a) increases
b) decreases
c) remains the same
d) decreases and then rises

23. What is the model which states that spatial interaction between places (e.g. migration) is directly related to the population size and inversely related to the distance between them?
a) gravity model
b) model of emigration
c) distance decay model
d) intervening opportunity model

27. European migration to colonies reached its peak during the period
a) 1700-1800.
b) 1800-1835.
c) 1835-1935.
d) post World War II.

30. In terms of total number of refugees, _____ is the geographic realm most severely affected by refugee problems.
a) Russia
b) Central America
c) South America
d) tropical Africa

34. Today, the largest refugee numbers in Southeast Asia are reported from
a) Cambodia.
b) Myanmar (Burma).
c) Vietnam.
d) Laos.

35. In 1995, the collapse of which of the following European countries produced the largest refugee crisis in Europe since the end of World War II?
a) Turkey
b) Yugoslavia
c) Greece
d) Romania

How do geographers define overpopulation
4th largest concentration of people
Most populous country in the world (top 4)
Most people live in cities in which regions of the world
In which regions do a higher number of people live in cities / urban setting
Most populous country is southeast asia / also has the highest # of Muslims in the world
A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers
If physiological density is much higher than arithmetic, what does that mean
What major event caused the population explosion 200 years ago
What is the world’s current NIR
What is the NIR for a stage 2,3,4 country
Why does Costa Rica have a lower death rate than the USA
Among the world countries, the spread between the highest and the lowest crude death rates is ____ than the spread between the highest and lowest crude birth rates

Mozambique: for every 1000 babies born, 150 will die before year one – what is this measure known as

Why did the current LDCs enter stage 2 of the demographic transition – what tech transferred over to them and what did it cause a drop in

Permanent move to a new location
Most migrants from Europe to the USA during the 1850s came from which part of Europe
Why did migration to the US decline after the 1920s
the largest number of undocumented migrants come to the US from what country
what happened to undocumented migrants in 1986
the largest level of interregional migration in US history was…
from the 1960s to 1990s what has been the biggest intraregional migration in the USA
What is likely to cause virtually all population growth in the USA over the next few decades

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