The HDI combines three dimensions:
* Life expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity
* Knowledge and education, as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting).
* Standard of living, as measured by the natural logarithm of gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity.

More Developed Regions
HDI – Anglo-America? HDI .94
-Language and religion are less diverse in this region by comparison to other regions of the world (as a region)
-90% English
-90% Christian
-America is the leading consumer but no longer the lead producer
-Leads the world in providing financial, management and high-tech services as well as entertainment
-Lead food exporter and perhaps only area that could increase food output

Western Europe .93
-Area of nation-states
-Nations can be a source of unity or conflict
-NIR of Zero or lower and have been recently taking in Muslims and some Hindus from other regions of the world
-Level of Dev't is highest in the west of Europe (Germany, Scandinavia, Holland, etc) and weaker on the periphery (PIIGS, and the eastern countries)
-Provide higher level services and are consumers but not to the level of America in consumption
-EU is now the world's largest wealthy market
-Protective of jobs and services and provide a major social, safety net for their people

Japan
HDI .96
-Has extremely bad ratio of population to resources but still managed to rise as a power
-After WWII, sold low-end manufacturing products to foreign countries then moved up to the higher end products
-Skilled labor force has been their major strength (earlier it was a cheap labor force for factories)
-Japan companies spend twice as much as US companies on research and development. They concentrate heavily on education and development


South Pacific
HDI .87
-Australia and new Zealand
-former british colonies

Between LDC and MDC
Eastern Europe HDI .80
-Only region in the world where HDI declined significantly since this index was started in 1990
-Was higher but the fall of communism destabilized the countries and caused it to decline
-Area of communism from 19teens to 20s until the early 1990s
-Under communism heavy industry, factory production, factories located near raw materials
-Quality of goods lower than West due to lower consumer demand and poor incentives
-Central planning in terms of economies was a disaster
--Why a disaster?
-Lack of funding and lack of incentive for improvement
-Imported food despite abundant farmland
-Central planning from remote locations
-No incentives
-Inability to pressure governments to make improvements (dictatorships)
-Did not focus on consumer needs like fridges, cars, televisions, etc

Russia
HDI.073
-formerly communist / planned economies but switched in the early 1990s
-transition to a market economy was painful for Russia
-Mafia grows / some grow rich / many grow poor and lose access to services formerly provided by the communist government
-their HDI dropped from .9 to below .8 during the transition (1990s)
-Russia is an oil exporter and heavily relies on oil for economic growth

Less Developed Regions
Latin America - .80
Speak one of two romance languages
More likely to live in urban areas by comparison to any other developing region
Eastern Coast of South America is fairly high in terms of development
Population is more concentrated on this coast and very low in the interior
High income disparity / partially due to land control issues





East Asia
HDI .77
-big driver of economy in this region is China
-formerly communist
-under communism, concentration was on the rural countryside (where majority lived)
-1990s and 21st century have seen China change to a big manufacturer
-China produces 2/3rds of the world's microwaves, DVD players, copiers, and similar products
-stores like Wal-Mart? work with China to provide cheap goods in America
-one of the regions with some of the world's cheapest labor prices
-weaknesses (middle management is weak, quality control is weak, banking is primitive, legal protections and patent protections are weak
-China is also seeing a strain on its resources (building materials for products) and is now the world's largest polluter





Southwest Asia and North Africa
HDI .74
-Much of this area is desert
-Must import many products
-But there is a concentration of oil here especially around the Persian Gulf
-use oil wealth to finance development / but sometimes use it to support dictators (Iran)
-Gap in wealth between those that have oil 9Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and others) and not (Jordan, Egypt, Syria, and others) causes tension.
-Islam is the dominant religion of the area / businesses will halt several times a day for call to prayer
-There is a problem in the area with the low levels of literacy and empowerment of women

Southeast Asia
HDI .73
-most populous country is the Muslim dominant Indonesia
-very high arithmetic densities on the island of Java (most populout island of Indonesia)
-other countries inculde Thailand and Vietnam
-tropical climate
-volcanoes, tsunamis, and mountain ranges limit development of some areas of this region
-harvest products used in manufacturing like palm oil, coconut oil, natural rubber,
-tin, oil, and rice also found in the area
-Thailand, Singapore, Phillippines and Malaysia have had rapid increases in development in the region
-textiles and cheap labor is in the area
-sometimes problems with corruptions and maintaining fair standards (typical in LDCs)


Central Asia
HDI .70
-many were formerly part of the USSR
-Iran and Afghanistan are included in this but are also strongly connnected to the Middle East
-highest level of development might be in Kazakhstan (produces some oil to generate development)
-Iran is known for using oil to keep consumer prices low and for helping out terrorists
-Afghanistan has one of the lowest HDI's in the world
-some countries in this area are know for mineral and agricultural products

South Asia
HDI .61
-India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal and Bhutan
-world's second highest population
-population density is high as is NIR
-one of the principal areas to benefit from the Green Revolution due to miracle rice production and wheat (GMOs).
-monsoon weather
-is susceptible to problems if monsoon rains do not come for several seasons
-India, fourth largest economy of the world (not adjusted per capita) -Order goes US, China, Japan and then India
-growth of its economy is second only to China
-India is a major service provider
-the region is growing in manufacturing
-India also exports mineral resources and some cash crops





Sub-Saharan Africa
HDI .51
-divided along the Saharan desert
-S. Africa (country) know for exporting diamonds, minerals and platinum
-many countries below the Sahara are know for primary activities, monoeconomies, and exporting to core countries
-this area offers this least opportunities and prospects for development
-world's highest percentage of people living in poverty, and suffering from poor health, and low education levels
-the average African consumes less than he/she did three decades ago
-much of the economy is a legacy from the colonial days
-many landlocked countries
-political instability and corruption are constant problems in many countries
-problem with the number of people versus possible land production (agricultural/ physiological density)
-highest rate of NIR but land is becoming more overworked and agricultural output has declined.