What is the tropical rainforest?
This is a forest that is located in tropical areas of heavy rainfall. Speicies of wildlife and vegetation are highly located here. Rainforests are very complex ecosystems.

The Causes of Rainforest Destruction
There are many causes of rainforest destruction. Many of them are pretty straight forward. Agriculture and fuelwood collection, especially in drier areas, are huge causes of rainforest destruction. The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that '1.5 billion of the 2 billion people worldwide who rely on fuelwood for cooking and heating are overcutting forests' Rainforests that are not being used, usually end up in bad hands since they are being totally cleared to provide land for food crops, or even as simple for grazing cattle. Cash crops are a primary reason for destroying rain forests. People plant them because money is made quickly, with little concern for environmental damage. The building of dams also play a huge role in the destruction of rainforests by having waterborne diseases increase highly, downstream ecosystems are being destroyed, and erosion becomes likely. Mining and industrial work also play a huge role. Severe water, air and land pollution occur. Even tourism plays a role in rainforest destruction. Many rainforests are open to the public and people take advantage of this and often times national parks are exposed to tourists before managements plans have been established. Forest degradation is caused by logging. Commercial logging companies cut down trees that have been selected for timber. Sometimes, large areas of rainforest are destroyed just to remove a few logs. Removing a felled tree from the forest causes even further destruction. In many South East Asian countries between 45-74% of trees remaining after logging have been substantially damaged or destroyed. Shifted cultivators are also a major cause of Rainforest Destruction. Shifted cultivators are people who move to rainforest areas and establish small scale farming operations. They follow roads into already damaged rainforests. Shifting cultivators are being blamed for about 60% of tropical forest loss. Often times, these people become shifted cultivators because they were forced off their own land. For example, people in Guatemala had their rainforest land cleared for coffee and sugar plantations. Colonialism is also a cause of rainforest destruction. This turned previously self-sufficient economies into zones of agriculture export production.

Effects

1) Higher albedo. Albedo is the reflection in the incoming short wave radiation. Because of this energy balance will change.
2)climate changes.
3) Hydrological changes
4) Green house gases=Serves as a major repercussion of deforestation

Where is Rainforest destruction happening?
The worst destruction is in Brazil, Indonesia, and Southeast Asia. There is also widespread destruction in other parts of South America and Mexico. Sadly, it has taken only a century of human intervention to destroy what nature designed to last forever

Why even worry about rainforest destruction?
The rainforest is the home of many animals and plants on earth. It gives in carbon dioxide and breathes out oxygen. Without rainforests and nature, humans would not be able to live. Animals also depend on the rainforest. Many migrating birds common in North America depend on the rainforest habitats. In Singapore, 61 bird species have become locally extinct due to the extensive loss of lowland rainforest. The loss of the rainforest would not be a good help to these species. The rainforest also contains many valuable plants, crops, and products. Lotions and many other things are made from the rainforests. By destroying the rainforests, you might not ever find these things. Who knows? Maybe the rainforest contains a cure for cancer that we haven't found yet. In general, rainforests are usually beautiful places. They could provide inspiration to anyone.

What is happening?
"If present rates of destruction continue, half our remaining rainforests will be gone by the year 2025, and by 2060 there will be no rainforests remaining."
Every second . . we lose an area the size of two football fields!
Every minute . . we lose an area 29 times the size of the Pentagon!
Every hour . . . we lose an area 684 times larger than the New Orleans Superdome!
Every day . . . we lose an area larger than all five boroughs of New York City!
Every week . . . we lose an area twice the size of Rhode Island!
Every month . . .we lose an area the size of Belize!
Every year . . . we lose an area more than twice the size of Florida!
We lose 50 species every day - 2 species per hour - due to tropical deforestation.
Between 1960-1990, 445 million hectares of tropical forest were cleared.



What can people do to stop rainforest destruction?
1. People can raise money to buy large quantities of land. This land should be declared off limits for loggers, farmers, and ranchers. People should also be educated on the value of rainforests.

2.Things that can be done is to make more use of national parks. But when the nationals parks are made, very harsh rules should be placed.

3. You can prevent further damage to rainforests by even doing things at home and abroad. Some of these are:
1) Using cold water in the washer whenever possible.
2) Store food in re-usable containers
3) Don't leave water running needlessly.
4) In your yard, try to make an eco-friendly environment.
5) While on vacation, don't buy souvenirs from wild or
endangered species.

4. You can do personal things. For example, you could join a conservation organization. You could also volunteer your time and help out. you could also spread the word. Do outdoor activities and you will see that the outdoors are a really good place to be.

5.These are some more advanced way of looking at things
a. Afforestation - Trees should be replanted in areas of deforestation.

b. Shifting Cultivation - Farmers should move on after 2-3 years to allow the rainforest to recover.

c. Rubber tapping - More sustainable methods of exploiting the rainforest should be pursued

d. Measuring trees - Trees should only be cut down when they reach a certain size. This will ensure younger trees survive longer and will encourage careful management of the rainforest.

www.savetherainforest.org/savetherainforest_006.htm (external link)
www.hipark.austin.isd.tenet.edu/projects/fourth/rainforests/environment.html (external link)
www.grinningplanet.com/2008/02-05/rainforest-destruction-article.htm (external link)
www.rain-tree.com/facts.htm (external link)