The Great Migration
-Was the movement of millions African Americans out of the rural Southern United States from 1914 to 1960.
-Most moved to large industrial cities, as well as to many smaller industrial cities.
-African-Americans moved as individuals or small groups. There was no government assistance.
-They migrated because of a variety of push and pull factors:
Pull factors

1. Income levels were much higher in the North, with far higher wages in the service sector.
2. The enormous growth of war industries in WW1 and WW2 created new job openings for blacks—not in the factories but in the service jobs that new factory workers vacated;
3. World War I effectively put a halt to the flow of European immigrants to the industrial centers , causing shortages of workers in the factories.
4. After 1940, as the U.S. rearmed for World War II (see Homefront-United? States-World? War II), industrial production increased rapidly.
5. The FEPC equal opportunity laws were more enforced in the North and West.